Advanced Topics in Liberty

The Scottish Enlightenment

Conference for All Students - February 8-10, 2013

Discussion Leader: James Otteson , Yeshiva University

Session 1: Hume on Justice and the Social Contract

Hume, David. A Treatise of Human Nature. Edited by David Fate Norton and Mary J. Norton. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. Selections from Part 2, “Of Justice and Injustice,” Sections 1–5 (pages 307–337).Hume, David. Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary. Edited by Eugene F. Miller. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1985, 1987. Essay XII, “Of the Original Contract” (pages 465–487).

Session 2: Hume's Political Economy

Hume, David. Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary. Edited by Eugene F. Miller. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1985, 1987. Part I, Essay IV, “Of the First Principles of Government” (pages 32–36), Essay V, “Of the Origin of Government” (pages 37–41), Essay VI, “Of the Independency of Parliament” (pages 42–46), Part II, Essay I, “Of Commerce” (pages 253–267), and Essay VI, “Of the Jealousy of Trade” (pages 327–331).

Session 3: Smith on Sympathy, Justice, and the Impartial Spectator

Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Edited by D. D. Raphael and A. L. Macfie. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1982. Part I, Section I, Chapter 1, “Of Sympathy” (pages 9–13), Chapter 2, “Of the Pleasure of Mutual Sympathy” (pages 13–16), Chapter 3, “Of the Manner in Which we Judge of the Propriety or Impropriety of the Affections of Other Men, by their Concord or Dissonance with our Own” (pages 16–19), Chapter 4, “The same subject continued” (pages 19–23), Chapter 5, “Of the Amiable and Respectable Virtues” (pages 23–26; Part II, Section II, Chapter 1, “Comparison of those Two Virtues” (pages 78–82), Chapter 2, “Of the Sense of Justice, of Remorse, and of the Consciousness of Merit” (pages 82–85), Chapter 3, “Of the Utility of this Constitution of Nature” (pages 85–91); Part III, Chapter 1, “Of the Principle of Self–approbation and of Self–disapprobation” (pages 109–113), and selection from Chapter 2, “Of the Love of Praise, and of that of Praise–worthiness; and of the Dread of Blame, and of that of Blame–worthiness” (pages 113–117[ending with paragraph 8]).

Session 4: Smith on Morality and the Invisible Hand

Smith, Adam. The Theory of Moral Sentiments. Edited by D. D. Raphael and A. L. Macfie. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1982. Part III, Chapter 3, “Of the Influence and Authority of Conscience” (pages 134–156); Part IV, Chapter 1, “Of the Beauty which the Appearance of Utility Bestows upon all the Productions of Art, and of the Extensive Influence of this Species of Beauty” (pages 179–187) and Part VI, Chapter 2, “Of the Order in which Societies are by Nature Recommended to our Beneficence” (pages 227–234).

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volume I. Edited by R. H. Campbell and A. S. Skinner. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1982. Selections from Book IV, Chapter 2, “Of Restraints upon the Importation from Foreign Countries of such Goods as can be Produced at Home” (pages 452–456 [ending with paragraph 10]).

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volume II. Edited by R. H. Campbell and A. S. Skinner. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1982. Selections from Part V, Book IV, Part III, Article III, “Of the Expence of the Institutions for the Instruction of People of all Ages” (pages 788–797 [ending with paragraph 16]).

Session 5: Smith's Political Economy

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volume II. Edited by R. H. Campbell and A. S. Skinner. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1982. Selections from Book IV, Chapter 9, “Of the Agricultural Systems, or of those Systems of Political Economy, which Represent the Produce of Land as Either the Sole or the Principal Source of the Revenue and Wealth of Every Country” (pages 687[beginning with paragraph 50]–688); and selections from Book V, Chapter 1, Article II, “Of the Expence of the Institutions for the Education of Youth” (pages 781[beginning with paragraph 48]–788).

Smith, Adam. An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volume I. Edited by R. H. Campbell and A. S. Skinner. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, Inc., 1982. Book I, Chapter 1, “Of the Division of Labour” (pages 13–23), Chapter 2, “Of the Principle which gives Occasion to the Division of Labour” (pages 24–30), and Chapter 3, “That the Division of Labour is Limited by the Extent of the Market” (pages 31–36).

Session 6: Ferguson on Spontaneous Order, Liberty, and Corruption

Ferguson, Adam. An Essay on the History of Civil Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Part III, Section II, “The History of Subordination” (pages 118–131), Section VI, “Of Civil Liberty” (pages 148–161) and Part VI, Section III, “Of the Corruption Incident to Polished Nations” (pages 235–257).